A sifted colimit is a colimit of a diagram $D \to C$ where $D$ is a sifted category (in analogy with a filtered colimit, involving diagrams of shape a filtered category). Such colimits commute with finite products in Set, by definition.
A motivating example is a reflexive coequalizer. In fact, sifted colimits can “almost” be characterized as combinations of filtered colimits and reflexive coequalizers. (Adamek-Rosicky-Vitale 10)
(categories with finite products are cosifted)
Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a small category which has finite products. Then $\mathcal{C}$ is a cosifted category, equivalently its opposite category $\mathcal{C}^{op}$ is a sifted category, equivalently colimits over $\mathcal{C}^{op}$ with values in Set are sifted colimits, equivalently colimits over $\mathcal{C}^{op}$ with values in Set commute with finite products, as follows:
For $\mathbf{X}, \mathbf{Y} \in [\mathcal{C}^{op}, Set]$ to functors on the opposite category of $\mathcal{C}$ (hence two presheaves on $\mathcal{C}$) we have a natural isomorphism
See at distributivity of products and colimits.
sind-object, an object in the free cocompletion under sifted colimits
Pierre Gabriel, Friedrich Ulmer, Lokal präsentierbare Kategorien, Springer LNM
221, Springer-Verlag 1971
Jiri Adamek, Jiri Rosicky, Enrico Vitale, What are sifted colimits?, TAC 23 (2010) pp. 251–260. (web)
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